方嘉言,邵翠萍,李慧云.一种基于分块主成分分析的存储器容错方法研究[J].集成技术,2018,7(6):49-59
一种基于分块主成分分析的存储器容错方法研究
A Fault-Tolerant Method Based on Modular Principal Component Analysisfor Memory
  
DOI:
中文关键词:  容错;主成分分析;分块主成分分析
英文关键词:fault tolerance; principal component analysis; modular principal component analysis
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(61267002、41271362);深圳市科技基金资助项目(JCYJ20160510154531467);深圳市自动驾驶感知决策与 控制工程实验室(Y7D0041001)
作者单位
方嘉言 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 深圳 518055 
邵翠萍 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 深圳 518055 
李慧云 中国科学院深圳先进技术研究院 深圳 518055 
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中文摘要:
      随着集成电路工艺水平提升,半导体器件尺寸越来越小,存储器更易受到周围环境的影响而导致数据存储故障。针对这一问题,该文提出了一种基于分块主成分分析的存储器容错方法。该方法应用分块主成分分析算法提取数据的主要特征,并对求取的特征数据作均值化处理,得到原始数据的最佳近似估计。该最佳近似估计可对数据中的任意故障做容错替换,使容错替换后的数据和原始数据的误差最小。实验结果表明,该方法可以使图片数据在 0.003 5 错误率的情况下仍保持峰值信噪比大于 30 dB;与传统纠错码相比,执行时间缩短了约 40%,内存消耗减少了约 12%,获得了较好的容错效果。
英文摘要:
      With the improvement of integrated circuit manufacturing technology, the size of electronic components is shrinking accordingly. And that makes the memory components more susceptible to working environment. To solve this problem, this paper presents a memory fault tolerance method based on modular principal component analysis (PCA). Main features of the data were obtained via modular PCA firstly. Then, the feature data is averaged to obtain the best available estimate of the original data. This best available estimate can be used to make fault-tolerant replacements for any faults in the data, minimizing the sum of the squared errors of the fault-tolerant replaced data and the original data. Finally, using the reconstructed block data, fault-tolerant replacement of the erroneous data in the original data block can be performed. The experimental results show that the picture data can keep a peak signal to noise ratio of more than 30 dB under 0.003 5 error rate. In comparison with conventional error correcting code approach, the execution time can be reduced about 40%, and the memory occupancy can be reduced about 12%.
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