宋成轶,栾 添,邬剑波,邓 涛.聚合物基热界面材料界面接触热阻的研究进展[J].集成技术,2019,8(1):54-67
聚合物基热界面材料界面接触热阻的研究进展
Research Progress on the Interface Thermal Resistance of PolymerBased Thermal Interface Materials
  
DOI:10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20181008001
中文关键词:  聚合物基热界面材料;接触热阻;微/纳米尺度传热;分子作用力
英文关键词:polymer-based interfacial thermal material; thermal contact resistance; micro-scale heat transfer theory; molecular interaction force
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFB0406000)
作者单位
宋成轶 上海交通大学材料科学与工程学院金属基复合材料国家重点实验室 上海 200240 
栾 添 上海交通大学材料科学与工程学院金属基复合材料国家重点实验室 上海 200240 
邬剑波 上海交通大学材料科学与工程学院金属基复合材料国家重点实验室 上海 200240 
邓 涛 上海交通大学材料科学与工程学院金属基复合材料国家重点实验室 上海 200240 
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中文摘要:
      在聚合物基热界面材料体系中,固体-聚合物界面接触热阻的研究近年来被广泛关注。该文综 合评述了聚合物基材料界面接触传热机理、接触热阻测量方法并介绍了近年来聚合物基界面材料的研 究进展。许多学者分别从宏观和微观角度建立了不同的接触热阻模型,进而研究固体-聚合物接触热阻 的传热机理。但由于影响界面接触热阻的因素较多,因此其产生的传热机理十分复杂,目前对于固体- 聚合物接触热阻的研究仍存在着许多困难与挑战。对于聚合物基材料界面接触热阻的测量,微/纳米 尺度材料如聚合物薄膜间接触热阻的新型表征方法与技术成为国际研究的前沿和热点之一,该文主要 介绍了适用于固体-聚合物间接触热阻表征的技术手段,如 3ω 法和时域热反射法。此外,该文根据分 子作用力的类型(如范德华力、共价键和非共价强作用力)对聚合物基界面材料研究进展进行综述并分 析,同时指出了今后在界面热管理的研究方向。
英文摘要:
      The researches on interfacial thermal contact resistance between inorganic solids and polymers have been paid more and more attention in recent years. In this paper, the mechanism of interfacial heat transfer and the measurement approaches on interfacial thermal contact resistance of polymer-based materials are reviewed. Currently, many scholars have established different thermal contact resistance models from macroscopic and microscopic perspective to study the heat transfer mechanism of solid-polymer contact thermal resistance. However, the heat transfer mechanism is complex due to many factors affecting thermal contact resistance. Presently, there are still many difficulties and challenges in the research of solid-polymer thermal contact resistance. For the measurement of interfacial thermal contact resistance of polymer-based materials, novel characterization methods and techniques of micro/nano-scale materials, such as polymer films, have become one of the international research frontiers. This paper mainly introduces the technical methods such as 3ω method and time-domain thermoreflectance method which can be used to characterize the thermal contact resistance between solids and polymers. In addition, the research progresses of polymer-based interface materials in recent years have been also introduced. The polymer based interfacial materials are reviewed and compared based on the types of molecular forces (van der Waals force, covalent bond and non-covalent strong force). Finally, the future research directions of interfacial thermal management are overviewed.
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