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引文格式
李 舟,李 喆,刘儒平.自驱动植入式能源收集器件的研究进展 [J].集成技术,2020,9(1):12-27

Citing format
LI Zhou,LI Zhe,LIU Ruping.Research Progress on Self-Powered Implantable Energy Harvesting Devices[J].Journal of Integration Technology,2020,9(1):12-27
自驱动植入式能源收集器件的研究进展
Research Progress on Self-Powered Implantable Energy Harvesting Devices
  
DOI:10.12146/j.issn.2095-3135.20190918001
中文关键词:  能源收集;自驱动器件;植入式电子医疗器件;在体
英文关键词:energy harvesting; self-powered deviceg; implantable medical electronics; in vivo
基金项目:国家重点研发计划项目(2016YFA0202703);国家自然科学基金项目(61875015、31571006、81601629、61971049);北京市自然科学 基金项目(2182091);北京印刷学院研究发展项目(Ec201808);国家万人计划“青年拔尖”项目(W03070021)
作者单位
李 舟 中国科学院北京纳米能源与系统研究所 北京 100083;中国科学院大学纳米科学与技术学院 北京 100083 
李 喆 中国科学院北京纳米能源与系统研究所 北京 100083;中国科学院大学纳米科学与技术学院 北京 100083 
刘儒平 北京印刷学院印刷包装工程学院 北京 102600 
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中文摘要:
      植入式医疗电子器件对于人体健康监测及治疗至关重要,其正常运转需要外界电池供能,而 电池电能耗尽后需要二次手术更换,该过程会对病人身心造成二次伤害并带来沉重的经济负担。人体 运动的机械能和体内的化学能,如心跳、呼吸、血液循环和葡萄糖的氧化还原等,都具有转化为电能 的潜力。近年来,自驱动能源收集技术的不断发展使得体内能量被有效收集后,可为植入式医疗电子 器件供能。自驱动植入式能源收集器件主要包括压电纳米发电机、摩擦纳米发电机、光伏电池、热释 电发电机、自驱动腕表、生物燃料电池和耳蜗内电位收集器等。该文讨论了植入式能源收集器件的种 类、代表性应用及现存的挑战,并对其未来的应用进行了展望。
英文摘要:
      Implanted medical electronics (IMEs) is essential for healthcare and treatment. Battery is usually applied in the sustainable operation of IMEs. However, once these batteries finished their mission, the patients had to undergo a second operation to remove them and bear considerable financial burdens as well as severe pain. The human body abounds with mechanical and chemical energy, such as the heartbeat, breathing, blood circulation, and the oxidation-reduction of glucose. With the development of self-powered energy harvesting technology, the collected energy could be applied in powering IMEs. In this context, self-powered implantable energy harvesters (IEHs) based on the piezoelectric effect, triboelectric effect, photoelectric effect, pyroelectric effect, automatic wristwatch devices, biofuel cells and endocochlear potential were prepared. Here, this review article focuses on the classification and typical applications of self-powered IEHs. Furthermore, the current challenges and perspectives are also discussed.
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